Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder


Psychology Services

Contact us today for a free 15 min phone consultation with a clinical director

+1 (801) 382-9338

Psychology Services

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects individuals of all ages, characterized by symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. In this article, we'll explore the origins of ADHD, its prognosis, and evidence-based treatments, providing guidance and support for those living with ADHD.

Etiology of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder:

The exact cause of ADHD is not fully understood, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic, environmental, and neurobiological factors. Research suggests that genetics play a significant role, with ADHD often running in families. Environmental factors such as prenatal exposure to toxins, maternal smoking during pregnancy, and early childhood adversity may also contribute to the development of ADHD. Neurobiologically, abnormalities in brain structure and function, particularly in areas involved in attention, impulse control, and executive functioning, are associated with ADHD.


The prognosis for individuals with ADHD varies depending on factors such as the severity of symptoms, presence of co-occurring conditions, access to treatment and support, and individual strengths and challenges. Without intervention, ADHD can lead to difficulties in academic, occupational, and social functioning, as well as increased risk of accidents, substance misuse, and mental health problems. However, with proper management and support, many individuals with ADHD can learn to effectively manage their symptoms and thrive in various areas of life.

Evidence-Based Treatment Options:

Stimulant Medications: Stimulant medications, such as methylphenidate (e.g., Ritalin) and amphetamine (e.g., Adderall), are the most commonly prescribed medications for ADHD. These medications work by increasing the levels of neurotransmitters like dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain, improving attention, focus, and impulse control in individuals with ADHD. Non-stimulant medications, such as atomoxetine (Strattera) and guanfacine (Intuniv), may also be prescribed for individuals who do not respond well to stimulants or have contraindications.

Behavioral Therapy: Behavioral therapy is an essential component of ADHD treatment, particularly for children and adolescents. Specific modalities such as Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT), Behavioral Parent Training (BPT), and School-Based Interventions focus on teaching parents, teachers, and individuals with ADHD practical strategies for managing behavior, improving organizational skills, and promoting self-regulation.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT): CBT is a psychotherapeutic approach that helps individuals with ADHD develop cognitive and behavioral strategies to address symptoms of inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. CBT techniques may include cognitive restructuring, problem-solving skills training, and self-monitoring to improve executive functioning and emotional regulation.

Mindfulness-Based Interventions: Mindfulness-based interventions, such as Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) and Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR), have shown promise in reducing ADHD symptoms and improving overall well-being. These interventions teach individuals to cultivate present-moment awareness, non-judgmental acceptance, and attentional control, helping them manage distractions and regulate their emotions more effectively.

Coaching and Support Groups: Coaching and support groups provide individuals with ADHD the opportunity to connect with others who share similar experiences and challenges. Coaches and peer support groups offer practical guidance, encouragement, and accountability, helping individuals set and achieve goals, develop coping strategies, and navigate daily life with ADHD.

These evidence-based treatment options offer effective approaches for managing ADHD symptoms and improving quality of life for individuals living with the condition. It's essential to work with a qualified healthcare provider or mental health professional to develop a personalized treatment plan that addresses individual needs and preferences. With the right support and interventions, individuals with ADHD can unlock their full potential and thrive in various aspects of life.



"Driven to Distraction: Recognizing and Coping with Attention Deficit Disorder from Childhood Through Adulthood" by Edward M. Hallowell and John J. Ratey: This bestselling book provides comprehensive information on ADHD, including symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options. Drs. Hallowell and Ratey offer practical strategies for managing ADHD symptoms and thriving in daily life.

"Taking Charge of Adult ADHD" by Russell A. Barkley: Dr. Russell Barkley, a leading expert in ADHD, provides guidance and practical advice for adults with ADHD in this informative book. Barkley addresses common challenges faced by adults with ADHD, such as organization, time management, and impulsivity, and offers evidence-based strategies for coping and thriving.

"Delivered from Distraction: Getting the Most out of Life with Attention Deficit Disorder" by Edward M. Hallowell and John J. Ratey: Building on their previous work, Drs. Hallowell and Ratey offer insights and strategies for managing ADHD across the lifespan in this follow-up book. They explore the strengths and challenges associated with ADHD and provide guidance for achieving success and fulfillment.

"Smart but Stuck: Emotions in Teens and Adults with ADHD" by Thomas E. Brown: Dr. Thomas Brown explores the role of emotions in ADHD and offers practical strategies for managing emotional dysregulation in teens and adults with ADHD. The book provides insights into the emotional impact of ADHD and strategies for improving self-awareness and coping skills.

"ADHD 2.0: New Science and Essential Strategies for Thriving with Distraction--from Childhood through Adulthood" by Edward M. Hallowell and John J. Ratey: In this updated edition, Drs. Hallowell and Ratey provide the latest scientific research and evidence-based strategies for managing ADHD. The book offers practical advice for individuals with ADHD, their families, and educators.


CHADD (Children and Adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder) - The CHADD website ( offers a wealth of resources for individuals and families affected by ADHD. It provides information on ADHD symptoms, diagnosis, treatment options, and support services. CHADD also offers educational webinars, support groups, and advocacy efforts aimed at raising awareness and reducing stigma surrounding ADHD.

ADDitude Magazine - ADDitude Magazine ( is a leading resource for information and support for individuals with ADHD and related conditions. The website offers articles, webinars, expert Q&A sessions, and community forums covering various aspects of ADHD, including diagnosis, treatment, parenting, and workplace accommodations.

Understood - Understood ( provides resources and support for individuals with learning and attention issues, including ADHD. The website offers personalized tools, expert advice, and educational resources to help individuals with ADHD thrive in school, at home, and in the community. Understood also offers support for parents, educators, and professionals working with individuals with ADHD.

ADDitude ADHD Blogs - ADDitude Magazine's ADHD Blogs section ( features a collection of blogs written by individuals with ADHD, parents, clinicians, and experts in the field. The blogs cover a wide range of topics related to ADHD, including personal stories, treatment experiences, coping strategies, and advocacy efforts.

ADHD Coaches Organization (ACO) - The ACO website ( offers resources and support for individuals with ADHD who are interested in working with ADHD coaches. It provides information on finding qualified ADHD coaches, understanding the coaching process, and accessing additional support services for managing ADHD symptoms and achieving personal goals.

Feel Free to Get in
Touch With Us

Contact Us